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Node cargo handling baselines 2018

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These baselines are based on data available through literature reviews and expert interviews. The settings aim to reflect on general cargo handling in goods terminals and warehouses. In general we recommend use of real data if available at sufficient quality. NTM default data are conservatively assessed and should if used thereby not enable low emission calculations. Furthermore they should promote service suppliers to present their real data in relation to NTM default data, hence being used in the service procurement process

Port handling

Rail combi terminal handling

ITU storage

Clarifications and abbreviations

Performance

Refers to emissions of greenhouse gases [CO2e] and use of energy [MJ; kWh]

Energy

Use of energy, including fuel production/ distribution and the combustion (wtw).

CO2e

Emissions of carbon dioxide equivalents including fuel production, distribution and the combustion (wtw).

Cold

Based on tough conditions, +30 outside temperature to zero (0) degrees Celcius in load area

ITU

Intermodal Transport Unit, e.g. container, swop-body, semi-trailer, truck (rollende landstrasse)

Unit

Specifies the measurement unit

System boundary, SB

Refers to the “horizontal” system boundary, i.e. the well-to-tank and tank-to-wheel dimensions. The vertical dimension would be to also include the building and scrapping of terminal equipment. This data only includes operational activities.

Transshipments

Refers to the number of ITU handlings in the terminal, e.g. the container is unloaded from the ship and positioned in a stack. Much later it is loaded on a truck for further transportation. This requires two handlings of the same container. Another example would be unloading a semi-trailer from a train and in the same handling put it on a truck, i.e. one handling.

Large intermodal rail terminal

< 100 000 handlings

Medium intermodal rail terminal

< 50 000 handlings

Small intermodal rail terminal

< 10 000 handlings

Thermo

To keep cargo above freezing temperature or below to hot, assumed as half energy use in comparison with cold. This is however only valid on certain days in certain regions

Cold

Based on tough conditions, +30 outside temperature to 0 degrees Celcius in load area

Freeze

Assumed similar as cold but using more insulation

Sources

Project Holistisk miljöanalys, IVL 2016, Port Infrastructures in a System Perspective. A Part of the Project Environmental Calculations for Transport Infrastructure

Miljökalkyler för intermodala transportkedjor, Detaljerad beräkningsmetodik och relevanta. Schablonvärden, Rapport nr. 2009:6, WSP

www.transport measures.org, Additional energy use in transport 2008